Stimulants, as the name suggests, are drugs that increase the alertness of the user causing increased attention, heightened energy and elevated blood pressure. These drugs essentially stimulate the user and have been widely used throughout medical history in the treatment of asthma, obesity, various neurological disorders and for certain respiratory problems. Many stimulants were widely accepted as safe for a long time but as use increased and the dangers became more evident, these drugs became less prescribed and less accepted except in the most dire cases.
Today, they are only used in the treatment of a couple of different disorders including ADHD and certain types of hyperactivity disorder as well as narcolepsy, a chronic sleep disorder that causes the sufferer to fall asleep at any give point and time. Even when prescribed for these cases, stimulants are used as a last resort when other methods of treatment have failed.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, each stimulant produces a euphoric effect that is the result of enhanced activity taking place within the central and peripheral nervous system. The effects may last a few minutes, a few hours or more depending on the type of stimulant that is taken, the amount of the drug taken and various other factors. Some of the mot common effects of stimulants include: