Cannabinoids are a group of active compounds found in marijuana.
Marijuana contains many chemical compounds that create the different characteristics of the plant. Terpenes provide flavors and aromas, while chlorophyll in the leaves makes the plant green. But the most important chemicals in marijuana are the cannabinoids.
they are the chemicals which give the cannabis plant its medical and recreational properties. Cannabinoids like THC and CBD interact with different receptors in the body to produce a wide range of effects, such as feeling high.
But what exactly are cannabinoids, and why are they able to interact with the body? The answer has to do with cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system.
How Do Work?
These receptors and cannabinoids can be thought of as a lock-and-key system. Cannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors like a key fits into a lock. Unlocking the receptor causes changes in how cells function, leading to different effects in the body.
When marijuana enters your body, THC activates the endocannabinoid system by attaching to cannabinoid receptors.
There are two different types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain, and are responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana.
On the other hand, CB2 receptors are found mostly in other parts of the body. They are responsible for a wide range of biological functions.
The functions of the endocannabinoid system help explain the effects of marijuana. The endocannabinoid system is involved with regulating appetite, sleep, pain, mood, memory, and much more.